To millions of professing, churchgoing Christians,
Easter" is one of the chief religious festivals. But what do eggs,
rabbits, new clothing,sunrise services, and hot cross buns have
to do with Jesus Christ?
was the last time you went to your public library, obtained one
of the leading encyclopedias or histories, and studied an article
on the subject of Easter?
you're like the average person, the answer is probably "never."
Millions of sincere, churchgoing, professing Christians excitedly
arise in the pitch-black hours well before dawn on Easter Sunday
morning, hustle the kids out of bed, enjoy a quick breakfast, and
bundle into the car for a drive to a nearby mountaintop, outdoor
bowl, huge cathedral, or small countryside church. They are going
to an "Easter sunrise service."
the precise moment of sunrise, the priest or minister may likely
turn toward the east, extending both hands in a supplicatory gesture,
heralding the dawn of "Easter Sunday," and ask all of the audience
to pray as they face the rising sun in the east.
many of the less devout do not bother to arise early enough to go
to an actual sunrise service, it is a well-known celebration, attended
by millions in nations around the world.
many professing Christians suppose they are gathering together to
commemorate the anniversary of the precise moment Jesus Christ rose
from the dead!
believe they are celebrating the resurrection.
course, it is doubtful that even one of these sincere people has
read what you are about to read in this article. Yet the information
is readily available in any reasonably large public library.
you ever researched the question for yourself? Have you ever asked
yourself why you do some of the things you do?
you ever looked up "Lent" in the history books or encyclopedias?
Have you ever wondered why fasts, drunken ribaldry, drug-induced
chaos, vandalism, and crime punctuate such pre-Easter celebrations
as "Mardi Gras"?
you ever heard friends joke about their "Lenten fast," giving up
chewing gum or asparagus?
you remember the gaiety of Eastertime; the projects you were
given in the first elementary years of school, fashioning
little gaily decorated baskets of paper and decorating them
with paper "straw," and jelly beans shaped like Easter eggs.
as a child, you dyed Easter eggs, engaged in Easter egg hunts,
ate little chocolate bunnies, and perhaps even gathered around
a bonfire, singing and dancing in the streets.
you recall seeing old motion picture news reports or television
coverage of the famous "Easter Parade" in New York City.
custom. And is custom to be questioned?
What Does Easter Mean?
is Easter"? Is it the opposite of "Wester"? Does it have
something to do with one of the points of the compass, or the Far
see what some of the historians tell us:
The English term, according to the Van. Bede, relates to Eostre,
a Teutonic goddess of the rising light of day and spring, which
deity, however, is otherwise unknown....
the apostolic fathers do not mention it and that we first hear of
it principally through the controversy of the Quartodecimans are
purely accidental" (The Catholic Encyclopedia, article "Easter,"
a sense, we are dealing with a "hostile witness" in this quotation,
for the Catholic Church fully supports Easter. Therefore, it is
doubly important to note that The Catholic Encyclopedia admits the
"apostolic fathers" (including James, Peter, John, and the early
apostles) do not mention Easter.
we will see later, it is equally important that they admit we first
hear of it during a controversy of the "Quartodecimans."
notice another important historical authority:
The annual festival observed throughout Christendom in commemoration
of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The name Easter (Ger. Ostern),
like the names of the days of the week, is a survival from the old
Teutonic mythology[and] is derived from Eostre, or Ostara, the Anglo
Saxon goddess of spring, to whom the month answering to our April,
and called the 'Eostur-monath,' was dedicated. This month, Bede
says, was the same as the Mensis Paschalis [which meant "Passover"
month], 'when the old festival was observed with the gladness of
a new solemnity.'
is no indication of the observance of the Easter festival in the
New Testament, or in the writings of the apostolic fathers.
first Christians continued to observe the Jewish festivals, though
in a new spirit, as commemorations of events which those festivals
had foreshadowed. Thus the Passover, with a new conception added
to it of Christ as the true paschal lamb and the firstfruits from
the dead, continued to be observed, and became the 'Christian Easter'"
(The Encyclopedia Britannica, eleventh edition, emphasis
well that this eminent history (the eleventh edition was the last
edition of the Britannica to include theological history) admits
that the celebration of Easter is not mentioned in the New Testament;
that it was not observed by the early apostles, and was clearly
a later addition to what has been called the "Christian church."
later addition is reflected in Acts 12:4 of the King James Version,
where the term pascha is erroneously translated "Easter." The term
means Passover, not "Easter," and is so rendered by all modern English
how Easter was adopted into the visible church, and how it became
called "Christian," we shall see.
notice what an American high schoollevel encyclopedia has to say:
is a Christian festival that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus
Christ. It is the most important holy day of the Christian religion.
People attend churches and take part in religious ceremonies.
most countries, Easter comes in early spring, at a time when green
grass and warm sunshine begin to push aside the ice and snow of
winter. Its name may have come from Eostre, a Teutonic goddess of
spring, or from the Teutonic festival of spring, Eostar [pronounced
everywhere celebrate Easter with great rejoicing. In many areas,
children collect candy and chocolate bunnies, and hunt colorful
Easter eggs. Many persons wear new spring clothes to church on Easter"
(World Book encyclopedia, article "Easter," emphasis added).
Encyclopedia Americana says: "Easter is a convergence of three traditions,
(1) Pagan. According to the Ven. Bede, English historian of the
early eighth century, the word is derived from the Norse Ostara
or Eostare, meaning the festival of spring, at the vernal equinox,
March 21, when nature is in resurrection after winter. Hence, the
rabbits, notable for their fecundity, and the eggs colored like
rays of the returning sun, and the northern lights, or aurora borealis.
The Greek myth, Demeter and Persephone, with its Latin counterpart,
Ceres and Persephone, conveys the idea of a goddess returning seasonally
from the nether regions of the light of day."
early after being rescued from slavery and established as a new
nation under God's own laws, the Israelites turned to the idolatrous
customs and practices of neighboring nations.
the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Eternal, and
served Baalim [which means "many gods"; the term baal merely meant
"lord"]: And they forsook the Lord God of their fathers, which brought
them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods
of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto
them, and provoked the Lord to anger. And they forsook the Eternal
and served Baal and Ashtaroth" (Judges 2:1113).
pagan Zidonians, the Philistines, Moabites, Edomites, and other
surrounding tribes served the same gods and goddessessometimes manifested
in different ways.
of the prominent features (also adopted by sinning Israelites) was
the worship of the goddess "Ishtar" in groves, called "asherim."
This is merely the plural word for "Asherah," which meant an upright
pale, or the trunk of a tree, stripped of its branches and leaves,
and worshiped in the setting of a grove of trees, usually on a hilltop,
representing life. (It was a phallic symbol.)
"The children of Israelsinned against the Lord their God...and walked
in the statutes of the heathen, whom the Lord cast out from before
the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had
made. And the children of Israel did secretly those things that
were not right against the Lord their God...and they set them up
images [Hebrew, asherah] and groves [Hebrew, asherim] in every high
hill, and under every green tree: And there they burnt incense in
all the high places, as did the heathen whom the Lord carried away
before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the Lord to anger:
For they served idols, whereof the Lord had said unto them, ye shall
not do this thing" (2 Kings 17:711).
worship of the upright pales, or phallic symbols, was closely associated
with the worship of other forms of the procreation of life.
whole festival at springtime, in the minds of the ancient pagans,
was closely allied to the midwinter festivals when pagans implored
their sun god to begin his northern journey once again, bringing
back the warming rays of the sun and hastening spring, when new
life would once again spring forth.
this was an accomplished fact, the heathens used the symbols of
eggs, which they worshiped as a miraculous source of life; rabbits,
as the most rapidly procreating domestic animal; and lit fires in
order to bake cakes in sacrifice to the "queen of heaven" (Semiramis),
the "Diana of the Ephesians," who was viewed as the goddess of sex
God said He hated this imagery and idolatry, and called all such
ceremonies of the pagans great abominations!
Ezekiel 8! In this shocking chapter of the Bible, Ezekiel, in spirit,
is shown the horrifying abominations of the sinning Israelites who
had made an "image of jealousy" which "provoked to jealousy" the
Eternal God (verses 3,4)!
Ezekiel, in spirit, even "greater abominations" (verse 6), Ezekiel
said he "went in and saw; and behold every form of creeping things
[the pagans always used snakes, lizards, crabs, frogs, flies, and
so on, in their imagery], and abominable beasts, and all the idols
of the house of Israel, portrayed upon the wall round about. And
there stood before them seventy men of the ancients of the house
of Israel, and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan,
with every man his censer in his hand; and a thick cloud of incense
went up. Then said he unto me, son of man, hast thou seen what the
ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark, every man in the
chambers of his imagery? for they say, The Lord seeth us not; the
Lord hath forsaken the earth" (verses 1012).
is that not precisely what millions of churchgoing Christians believe
day-by-day, close awareness of the immediate presence of God; the
fact that He watches and clearly sees every human act and deed;
that He is immediately available through prayer; that He is not
only our God, but our Judge, and our Rulerthis concept of a living,
ruling, Creator God is lost to the minds of millions! They do not
know the living God!
they think of God in vague, unreal terms. It is as if He has truly
"gone way off somewhere" into the blackness of the "other side of
the universe." Few really believe that Almighty God does see through
the rooftops, sees in the dark, and literally beholds the deeds
(good or evil) of humankind.
Ezekiel was shown "women weeping for Tammuz" (verse 14). Tammuz
was their name for Nimrod, who made himself into "a mighty hunter
before [in place of] the Lord " (Genesis 10:9)!
read on in Ezekiel 8 as he was shown even greater abominations:
"And he brought me into the inner court of the Lord's house, and
behold, at the door of the temple of the Lord between the porch
and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs
toward the temple of the Lord, and their faces were toward the east:
and they worshiped the sun toward the east" (verses 15,16).
sun is in the east at its rising!
is a sunrise service, a pagan, idolatrous worshiping of the rising
sun, in connection with pagan idols of "creeping things and abominable
beasts," with women wailing and weeping for Tammuz!
so what?" some will ask. "What's the big deal?" some may complain.
Are we to take away such innocent-appearing things as cute little
chicks, chocolate bunnies, jelly beans, and dyed eggs; the excited,
happy looks on the faces of our children as they search about the
lawn for hidden Easter eggs?
not doing it with all of these pagan things in mind," some might
reason. "We're doing it as a Christian ceremonyand it is only something
to get the children to look forward to Easter!"
what God told Ezekiel concerning ancient Israel's practices: "Then
He said unto me, hast thou seen this, O son of man? Is it a light
thing to the house of Judah that they commit the abominations which
they commit here? For they have filled the land with violence, and
have returned to provoke me to anger; and, lo, they put the branch
to their nose. Therefore will I also deal in fury: mine eyes shall
not spare, neither will I have pity: and though they cry in mine
ears with a loud voice, yet will I not hear them" (verses 17,18).
The Annual Holy Days of God
God first called His nation Israel out of captivity in Egypt, He
had to reveal unto them the months of the year; reveal to them once
again the weekly Sabbath, and wean them away from the pagan, idolatrous
customs of the ancient Egyptians, who worshiped Isis and Osiris.
to the exodus, God began revealing to the Israelites the Passover
(see Exodus 12).
connected with the Passover were the Days of Unleavened Bread. Later,
in the land of Sinai, before the giving of the Ten Commandments,
God revealed to them His weekly Sabbath, and enforced the observance
of God's holy Sabbath day by showing the Israelites that sin required
the death penalty (Exodus 16:430).
God revealed to them the remainder of His annual holy days (Leviticus
23), consisting of the Feast of Firstfruits (Pentecost), the Feast
of Trumpets, the Day of Atonement, the Feast of Tabernacles, and
the Last Great Day, coming right at the end of the Feast of Tabernacles.
revealed to them the beginning of months, or the "sacred year,"
which commenced in the spring with the month of Nisan (also called
Israelites were commanded to take an unblemished lamb from their
flocks on the tenth of Nisan; to keep it unto the evening of the
fourteenth, and then to slay it as the "Lord's Passover."
striking the blood of the slain, unblemished lamb on the doorposts
and lintels of their houses in Goshen, they would be under the sign
of "the blood of the lamb," and the death angel, who was to kill
the firstborn of the Egyptians in the final and greatest plague,
would "pass over" the homes of the Israelites.
ceremony was to be conducted "with their staff in their hand," and
by a meal of roast lamb and the "bread of affliction" (unleavened
bread), signifying the great haste with which God was going to deliver
them out of the land of Egypt, out of slavery.
spiritual types are set forth very clearly by Jesus Christ in the
New Testament, and by the apostle Paul (1 Corinthians 11).
paschal lamb was symbolic of Jesus Christ; the blood on the doorposts
and lintels of the houses is symbolic of the blood of Jesus Christ
to atone for our sins; the escape from Egypt is symbolic of our
escape from the clutches of Satan the devil and sin; the passage
through the Red Sea was symbolic of baptism (1 Corinthians 10:14);
the land of Sinai, and the forty-years wandering prior to entering
the promised land, are symbolic of the trials, testing, and tribulation
which come upon every Christian; and the entrance into the promised
land, across the River Jordan, is symbolic of finally leaving this
human, physical life and entering the very Kingdom of God.
are many other biblical types which come clear in one's thorough
study of the deep symbolism of the Passover and the Days of Unleavened
is a type of Satan the devil; his two magicians, Janes and Jambres,
are symbolic of the beast and false prophet; Moses and Aaron, who
continually say, "Let my people go," are symbolic of the prophesied
"two witnesses" (Revelation 11), who will warn the beast and the
false prophet just prior to Christ's second coming.
is used as a type of sin; the eating of "unleavened bread" for seven
days signifies taking Jesus Christ into our lives, and overcoming
our carnal human nature by the power of God's Holy Spirit.
in this first important holy day season of the sacred year, God
revealed to the ancient Israelites rich symbolism which has great
meaning to the very purpose of human lifeand which reveals, in large
measure, what is our final, glorious destiny!
instead of remaining faithful to these deeply significant annual
holy days of God, the Israelites quickly descended back into idolatry.
condemned of God in the first two of the Ten Commandments, is evil
and a horrible abomination in God's sight for several reasons.
it puts inanimate, nonexistent, pagan "gods" (which are nothing
more than the figment of the imagination of demented, ignorant,
savage peoples) in place of God!
imagery blots out from superstitious minds the truth of God!
is a substitute, a counterfeit, which God calls the "image of jealousy."
the Creator, as well as our Protector and Provider, like a husband
to the church (described as His bride), God is "very jealous" over
reason our English words idolatry and adultery are so similar is
because they stem from the same original word.
terms idolatry "spiritual adultery." In many analogies in the Bible,
imagery and worship are directly spoken of as "adultery."
Revelation 17 and 18, where the great fallen woman (symbolizing
a great, universal false church) is said to be "committing fornication"
with the kings and rulers of the world!
The Pagan Holidays
millions upon millions of professing Christians gaily go about the
business of observing so-called Christian holidays, not realizing
they are nothing but modern versions of ancient, pagan idolatries!
the millions celebrate these days, they do so in abysmal ignorance
of their origin, their true symbolism, and ignorant of the fact
that such days obscure God's annual holy days.
How Was Easter Substituted for the Passover?
it or not, it was many centuries before the apostate church was
finally able to stamp out the celebration of the Passover and the
Days of Unleavened Bread!
they never succeeded in stamping it out entirely, and history proves
there were scattered remnants of God's true church observing the
Passover, the Days of Unleavened Bread, and the other annual days
all down through the centuriesjust as there are latter-day remnants
of God's true church observing those days today!
you remember our earlier quotation from The Catholic Encyclopedia,
in which they mentioned the "controversy of the Quartodecimans"?
Quartodeciman controversy raged throughout the Mediterranean world
for literally centuries.
is merely another word for "fourteenth"! The controversy stemmed
from the insistence that the early New Testament Church of God ought
to follow the custom of Jesus Christ of Nazareth in observing the
Passover on the fourteenth of nisan, the first month of the year,
according to God's sacred calendar.
"universal church" gradually began adopting pagan customs and traditions,
and began insisting upon standardizing the date for the observance
for the spring festival.
masses of pagans who were being "converted" into this new religion
brought with them their ancient customs of the celebration of life,
sexual reproduction, fertility and worship of the sun. Their gods
and goddesses were Isis, Osiris, Astarte, Ashtaroth, Ishtar, Tammuz,
and others. Apostate church leaders reasoned these pagans had to
absolutely proves that pagan customs and ceremonies were allowed
and merely given Christian names.
those who insisted on continuing to observe God's annual holy days
were put out of the apostate church!
"The first council of NicŠa (325) decreed that the Roman practice
should be observed throughout the church. But even at Rome the Easter
term was changed repeatedly. Those who continued to keep Easter
with the Jews were called Quartodecimans (14 Nisan) and were excluded
from the church" (The Catholic Encyclopedia, article "Easter," emphasis
The Catholic Encyclopedia subtly inserts the word Easter in its
article under that term, even though the writer of the article knew
no one would keep "Easter with the Jews," for the Jews never recognized
this pagan custom. The Catholic Encyclopedia continually refers
to the Passover as "Easter." Note some further quotes from the same
eggs:The symbolic meaning of a new creation of mankind by
Jesus risen from the dead was probably an invention of later
times. The custom may have its origins in paganism, for a
great many pagan customs, celebrating the return of spring,
gravitated to Easter. The egg is the emblem of the germinating
life of early spring....
Easter rabbit lays the eggs, for which reason they are hidden
in a nest or in the garden. The rabbit is a pagan symbol and
has always been an emblem of fertility (Simrock, Mythologie,
Easter fire is lit on the top of mountains (Easter mountain, Osterberg)
and must be kindled from new fire, drawn from wood by friction;
this is a custom of pagan origin in vogue all over Europe, signifying
the victory of spring over winter. The Bishops issued severe edicts
against the sacrilegious Easter fires, but did not succeed in abolishing
them everywhere. The Church adopted the observance into the Easter
ceremonies, referring it to the fiery column in the desert and to
the Resurrection of Christ; a new fire on Holy Saturday is drawn
from flint, symbolizing the Resurrection by the Light of the World
from the tomb closed by a stone" (ibid).
a shocking admission! Notice that even the Catholics admit that
the origins of Easter, and even the name itself, are totally pagan!
The rabbit is a pagan symbol! It is an emblem of fertility!
fires, lit on the top of mountains, are "customs of pagan origin"!
church adopted the observance into the Easter ceremonies"! Could
anything be plainer? Let's continue with the same source:
phase [of the Easter Controversy]: The dioceses of all Asia,
as from an older tradition, held that the fourteenth day of the
moon, on which day the Jews were commanded to sacrifice the lamb,
should always be observed as the feast of the life-giving pasch
[Passover], contending that the fast ought to end on that day, whatever
day of the week it might happen to be. However, it was not the custom
of the churches in the rest of the world to end it at this point,
as they observed the practice, which from apostolic tradition has
prevailed to the present time, of terminating the fast on no other
day than on that of the resurrection of our Saviour. Synods and
assemblies of bishops were held on this account, and all with one
consent through mutual correspondence drew up an ecclesiastical
decree that the mystery of the resurrection of the Lord should be
celebrated on no other day but the Sunday and that we should observe
the close of the paschal fast on that day only. [No such fast is
mentioned in the Bible.]
letter of Saint IrŠneus is among the extracts just referred to,
and this shows that the diversity of practice regarding Easter had
existed at least from the time of Pope Sixtus (c. 120). Further,
IrŠneus states that St. Polycarp, who, like the other Asiatics,
kept Easter on the fourteenth day of the moon, whatever day of the
week that might be, following the tradition which he claimed to
have derived from St. John the apostle, came to Rome (c. 150) about
this very question, but could not be persuaded by Pope Anicetus
to relinquish his Quartodeciman observance.The question thus debated
was therefore primarily whether Easter was to be kept on a Sunday,
or whether Christians should observe the holy day of the Jews, the
fourteenth of Nisan, which might occur on any day of the week. Those
who kept Easter with the Jews were called Quartodecimans" (ibid.,
it must be noted in this lengthy quotation from The Catholic
Encyclopedia that they have subtly substituted "Easter" for
the "Passover." What Polycarp observed "like the other Asiatics"
was not easter! It was the passover, on the fourteenth of Nisan,
as all the apostles had kept it.
they admit he kept a great event "on the fourteenth day of the moon,
whichever day of that week that might be, following the tradition
which he claimed to have derived from St. John the apostle"absolutely
proves that the festival Polycarp (who was a student of John) kept
was not "Easter," but the Passover!
the final paragraph of the quotation, the distinction is subtly
drawn between "Christians" and "Jews." Another obvious and flagrant
misapplication of terms is the final quote: "Those who kept Easter
with the Jews were called Quartodecimans." Nonsense! They were called
Quartodecimans because they kept the Passoverand absolutely
shunned the pagan "Ishtar" (pronounced "Easter") being adopted by
an apostate, increasingly pagan church!
further: Second Phase: The second stage in the Easter controversy
centers round the council of NicŠa (A.D. 325).The emperor himself
[Constantine], writing to the churches after the council of NicŠa,
exhorts them to adopt its conclusions and says among other things:
'At this meeting the question concerning the most holy day of Easter
was discussed, and it was resolved by the united judgment of all
present that this feast ought to be kept by all and in every place
on one and the same dayAnd first of all it appeared an unworthy
thing that in the celebration of this most holy feast we should
follow the practice of the Jews, who have impiously defiled their
hands with enormous sinfor we have received from our Saviour a different
wayand I myself have undertaken that this decision should meet with
the approval of your sagacities in the hope that your wisdoms will
gladly admit that practice which is observed at once in the city
of Rome and in Africa, throughout Italy and Egypt.with entire unity
of judgment.' From this and other indicationswe learn that the dispute
now lay between the Christians of Syria and Mesopotamia and the
rest of the world. The important Church of Antioch was still dependent
upon the Jewish calendar for its Easter" (ibid., emphasis added).
these lengthy quotations are from The Catholic Encyclopedia!
Constantine was a reformed sun-worshiper! When he embraced "Christianity"
he embraced the so-called Christianity of the leading bishops who
had already gone apostate! He did not embrace the Christianity practiced
by those who were "holding fast to the faith once delivered to the
saints," and who tenaciously refused to change the observance of
one of the most important annual holy days Jesus Christ ever hallowed,
in the quotation above of Constantine's exhortation to the churches
after the Council of NicŠa, that he, too, showed disdainful contempt
for "the Jews" (who are accused of having "impiously defiled their
hands with enormous sin") and repudiates the "practice of the Jews,"
meaning the observance of the Passover (the Lord's Supper, as the
apostle Paul began to refer to it) on the fourteenth of Nisan, as
it had been observed for centuries!
the end of the quotation concerning the development of keeping Easter
in the Catholic Church, the encyclopedia admits "the important Church
of Antioch was still dependent upon the Jewish calendar for its
Easter." Again, a confusion of terms may be misleading to readers.
no stretch of the imagination were the converted brethren in Antioch,
in Syria, who were dependent upon "the Jewish calendar" (meaning
Abib, or Nisan, 14), keeping "Easter." By tenaciously adhering to
the fourteenth of Nisan, it is clear they were observing the Passover!
now the next quotation: "Third Phase: It was to the divergent cycles
which Rome had successively adopted and rejected in its attempt
to determine Easter more accurately that the third stage in the
paschal controversy was mainly due. The Roman missionaries coming
to England in the time of St. Gregory the Great found the British
Christians, the representatives of that Christianity which had been
introduced into Britain during the period of the Roman occupation,
still adhering to an ancient system of Easter-computation which
Rome itself had laid aside" (ibid., emphasis added).
a fantastic admission!
we read of "Roman missionaries" arriving in the British Isles from
Rome, yet discovering Christians in the British Isles adhering to
the very same system of determining the date for the Passover as
had always been observed by the early New Testament church!
have stopped to speculate on where all the other apostles mentioned
in the Gospels went. Most disappear from sight, and the Bible quickly
begins concerning itself with the ministries of, first, the apostle
Paul, and then to some extent Peter and John. But what ever happened
to Thomas, Simon the Canaanite, Mathias (who replaced Judah Iscariot),
Andrew (Peter's brother), James the son of AlphŠus (not the son
of Zebedee), Bartholomew, and others?
plainly said He would "send them to the lost sheep of the house
of Israel"! Is it strange, then, that peoples in faraway lands had
been converted to true Christianity, and were observing God's annual
holy days on precisely the correct dates, which actually created
a controversy with Roman missionaries?
under the article "Councils" in The Catholic Encyclopedia,
notice one of the most important purposes for the Council of NicŠa:
First Ecumenical, or Council of NicŠa (325) lasted two months and
twelve days. Three hundred and eighteen bishops were present. Hosius,
Bishop of Cordova, assisted as legate of Pope Sylvester. The Emperor
Constantine was also present. To this council we owe the Creedof
NicŠa, defining against Arius the true divinity of the Son of God...and
the fixing of the date for keeping Easter (against the Quartodecimans)."
Buns Have you ever eaten a "hot-cross" bun?
Easter one may go to the local bakeries, or the bakery counters
of supermarkets, and see them by the dozen. They are served in restaurants
little rounded buns, with their quaint little sugar-coated crosses,
evoke memories of childhood; and to unsuspecting professing Christians
the tiny crosses are believed to represent the "cross of Christ."
shocking to discover that hot-cross buns find their origins in paganism!
what history has to say about the origin of "hot-cross buns":
is quite probable that it [the word bun] has a far older and more
interesting origin, as is suggested by an inquiry into the origin
of hot cross buns. These cakes, which are now solely associated
with the Christian Good Friday, are traceable to the remotest period
of pagan history. Cakes were offered by ancient Egyptians to their
moon goddess; and these had imprinted on them a pair of horns, symbolic
of the ox at the sacrifice of which they were offered on the altar,
or of the horned moon goddess, the equivalent of Ishtar of the Assyro-Babylonians.
The Greeks offered such sacred cakes to Astarte [Easter] and other
divinities. This cake they called bous (ox), in allusion to the
ox-symbol marked on it, and from the accusative boun it is suggested
that the word 'bun' is derived.Like the Greeks, the Romans eat cross-bread
at public sacrifices, such bread being usually purchased at the
doors of the temple and taken in with them,a custom alluded to by
St. Paul in I Cor. x.28. At Herculaneum two small loaves about 5
in. in diameter, and plainly marked with a cross, were found. In
the Old Testament are references made in Jer. vii.18-xliv.19, to
such sacred bread being offered to the moon goddess. The cross-bread
was eaten by the pagan Saxons in honor of Eoster, their goddess
of light. The Mexicans and Peruvians are shown to have had a similar
custom. The custom, in fact, was practically universal, and the
early church adroitly adopted the pagan practice, grafting it on
to the Eucharist. The boun with its Greek cross became akin to the
Eucharistic bread or cross-marked wafers mentioned in St. Chrysostom's
liturgy. In the medieval church, buns made from the dough for the
consecrated Host were to be distributed to the communicants after
mass on Easter Sunday. In France and other Catholic countries, such
blessed bread is still given in the churches to communicants who
have a long journey before they can break their fast" (The EncyclopŠdia
Britannica, eleventh edition, article "bun").
reading, isn't it? But how many of your friends and relatives have
ever taken the time and trouble to simply go to a public library
and read such shocking admissions!
this is not someone's "church doctrine" you are reading; it is not
the clever arguments of someone trying to confuse your mind and
"trap" you into observing some strange customs! Instead, you are
reading direct quotations from historians!
certain Easter customs have pagan roots is a matter of authoritative,
God soundly condemns the entire practice in the Bible!
course, if there is no God the plaintive cries of "I don't see what
difference it makes," or "Why should we take away such joyous occasions
from the children?" seem to make sense.
since there is a God, and since that Eternal Creator God is righteously
angry at instilling pagan customs in the minds of our childrenit
does make a difference!
says: "To him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, it is a
sin." Once you know the truth, you become responsible for it.
is knowledge that, while readily available in any number of historical
sources, is not known by the vast majority of humankind!
of churchgoing professing Christians are blissfully ignorant of
these startling facts!
from heaven, wants to know what you are going to do with this knowledge.
Write for and study the free materials offered in this brochure:
Facts You Should Know About Christmas, God's Seasonal Plan,
and Sunday, SaturdayWhat Difference Does It Make?